APUSH 2/1/19

Upton Sinclair
Acquired fame for his novel the jungle, which exposed meatpacking
1904: He was sent to chicago to write and research for The Jungle
The Jungle changed the way americans looked at the food industry
Insert stick figure with book
the government read the book and created guidelines for the meat industry, such as checking the meat and stuff

John Spargo
Wrote a series of compassionate well researched books
Elected to national committee of socialist party
Made books about child labor called The Bitter Cry of Children
Uncovered the truth of child labor

Steffens is more communist minded
Violent protests

Ida Tarbell
Exposed unfair practices of Standard Oil Company, caused supreme court to break monopoly
Wrote how JD Rockefeller violated the sherman antitrust act
Influenced development of america as a nation during Gilded Age also made women come out and speak up
(fought for women’s rights)

Frank Norris
Provided journalistic accounts of political and social hardships caused by rapid industrializations
Wrote the Octopus
Explored impact of economic forces
First important naturalist writer in the US
Fought the case by writing books

One of my favorite speeches – SPCH-1311 2/1/19

I think my favorite speech is Reggie Fils-Aime’s 2004 E3 Electronics Entertainment Expo convention.
Reggie was Nintendo of America’s Head of Sales and became president not much after.
His parents were Haitian immigrants after leaving Haiti due to his grandfather, who was a military general.
He worked for many companies, including Panda Express, MTV, and he outlined the marketing strategy that “The Concert for New York City” used which garnered more than $35 million for disaster relief following the September 11 attacks. (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reggie_Fils-Aim%C3%A9/)

The reason I love this speech so much, is the way he kicks it off. He gets up there on that stage, and he KNOWS what he’s there for.

My name is Reggie. I’m about kickin’ ass, I’m about takin’ names, and we’re about makin’ games.

Reggie Fils-Aime, E3 2004 for Nintendo of America

Reggie is such a big inspiration for me and that’s it.

it starts at 1:37

Chemistry 1/31/19

The Kinetic Molecular Theory

  1. Gases are made of tiny particles far apart relative to their size
  2. Gas particles are in continuous, rapid, random motion
  3. There are no attractive forces between molecules under normal conditions of temperature and pressure
  4. Collisions between gas particles and between particles and container walls are elastic collisions.
  5. All gases at the same temperature have the same average kinetic energy. The energy is proportional to the absolute temperature.

For gas laws, always use Kelvin

Speech 1/31/19

Hi! I’m Cris, I’m 16, and I want to be a web development specialist. When we’re fixing errors in our code, we need to communicate what caused it and

Intra-linguistic programming

APUSH 1/25/19

P112: what was the granger movement?

P219: How does this relate to the larger populist movement?

Page 115


Farmer’s Problems

Grangers and Granger Laws

Populist Platform of 1892

Presidential Elections of 1896 & 1900

Legacy of Populism as a 3rd party

APUSH 1/9/19

Topics covered
Jim Crow laws
Slavery as a punishment
Drug laws are the modern-day Jim Crow laws
No taxation without representation!
Literacy tests

Chapter 16 – The rise of Industrial America


1 The business of Railroads

(A) Eastern Trunk Lines
(1) Dozens of separate local lines
(2) Early Decades (1830-1860)
(3). Major route between most major cities
(4). New York Central Railroad, and Pennsylvania Railroad
-Western Railroads

(B) Federal land grants
(1) 80 Different Railroad companies
(2) More than 170 million acres of public land
(3) Homestead act
(4) Might increase value of lands and provide preferred rates for carrying the mail and transporting troops

(C) Transcontinental Railroads
(1) Land grants and loans
(2) Up employed thousands of war veterans and Irish immigrants, and also 6,000 chinese Immigrants
(3) Two railroads came together in May 10, 1869 at Utah
(4) In 1883, three other railroads were completed
(5) In 1893, a fifth railroad was finished
(6) Railroads helped settle the west, but many proved failures as businesses.

(D) Competition and Consolidation
(1) Often overbuilt new tech
(2) 1870s and 1880’s
(3) Railroads suffered from mismanagement and outright fraudulent activities
(4) Jay Gould
(5) Railroads competed by offering rebates
(6) Financial panic of 1893
(7) J. Pierpont Morgan (JPMORGAN)
(8) Consolidation made rail system more efficient
(9) Early 20th century expand powers of Interstate Commerce Commission

2 Industrial Empires
(A) Steel Industry
(1) Rise of Heavy Industry
(2) 1850’s
(3) Henry Bessemer – England
William Kelly
Both discovered blasting air

(B) Andrew Carnegie
(1) Leadership of Fast-growing steel industry
(2) Born in 1830 in Scotland, Carnegie, then immigrated to the U.S.
(3) Steel manufacturing began in the 1870’s

(C) U.S. Steel Corp.
(1) First Billion dollar company
(2) Largest enterprise in the world
(3) Employing 168,000 people and controlling more than 60% of the nation’s steel business

3 Rockefeller and the Oil Industry, Antitrust movement, Laissez-Faire Capitalism

(A) Conservative Economic Theories
(1) Wealth of Nations
(2) Invisible Hand Idealism
(3) American Industrialists appealed to laissez-faire theory to justify their methods of doing business

(B) Social Darwinism
(1) Charles Darwin’s Theory of natural selection in biology
(2) Race theories would continue to produce problems in the 20th Century.

(C) Gospel of Wealth
(1) Americans found religion more convincing than social darwinism.
(2) Carnegie distrubuted more than $350 million of his fortune to support the building of libraries, universities, and various public institutions.

4 Technology and Innovations

(A) Innovations
(1) Telegraph – Samuel F.B morse
(2) Railroads
(3) Transatlantic Cable – Cyrus
(4) Grains, Coal, and Steel
(5) Typewriter (1867)
(6) Telephone – Alexander Graham
(7) Cash Register (1879)
(8) Calculating Machine (1887)
(9) Adding Machine (1888)
(10) Camera – George Eastman (1888)
(11) Fountain Pen – Lewis E Waterman (1884)
(12) Safety Razor and Blade – King Gilette (1895)

(B) Edison and Westinghouse
(1) Possibly greatest inventor of the 19th Century
(2) Thomas Edison was a young telegraph operator and patented his first invention, a machine for recording votes, in 1869.
(3) Edison’s lab came more than a thousand patented inventions, including the phonograph, incandescent lamp, dynamo for generating electric power, mimeograph machine, and motion picture camera
(4) George Westinghouse – remarkable inventor
(5) George Westinghouse held more than 400 patents, responsible for developing air brake for railroads in 1869, the high-voltage alternating current in 1885.

(C) Marketing consumer goods
(1) Increased output of U.S. factories
(2) Increase of new consumer products
(3) Packaged foods of brand names like Kellogg and Post became common.
(4) Advertising and new marketing techniques not only promoted a consumer economy but also created a consumer culture in which shopping became a favorite pastime

5 Impact of industrialization

(A) Concentration of wealth
(1) 1890’s
(2) Richest 10% of U.S. population controlled 90% of nation’s wealth
(3) Industrialization created a new class of millionaires

(B) Horatio Alger myth
(1) Every alger novel portrayed a young man of modest means who becomes wealthy

(C) Expanding middle class
(1) Growth of large corporations
(2) Middle management was needed
(3) Middle-class employees increased the demand for services: professionals (doctors and lawyers), public employees, and storekeepers

(D) Wage Earners
(1) Wages were determined by laws of supply and demand
(2) low wages were justified by David Ricardo (1772-1823)

(E) Working Women
(1) Labor Force working
(2) Most were young and single

(F) Labor Discontent
(1) many workers were exposedd to chemicals and pollutants that cause chronic illness and early death
(2) Industrial workers rebelled against intolerable working conditions

6 The struggle of Organized Labor

(A) Industrial Warfare
(1) The Lockout
(2) Blacklists
(3) Yellow-dog contracts
(4) Calling in private guards and state militia
(5)Obtaining court injunctions

(B) Great railroad strike of 1887
(1) One of the worst outbreaks of labor violence
(2) Srike and violence ended but not before more than 100 people had been killed

All Quiet on the Western Front Themes

>For your assertion of Theme, consider the following questions.

>how are the realities of war different from the perception of war?
>Can people recover from extremely traumatic experiences?
>How does trauma affect how people view the future?

The war is more than just another job where you serve your country, it’s also a place where you can die at any time, and a time of despair and constant paranoia.

Going to the war, and well the war itself, is an oversimplified and glorified act that detracts people from the extremely harsh reality of death and constant horror and paranoia that people go through when they’re part of the war.
Many people have a very hard time recovering from these overtly traumatic experiences. A lot of people suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, making them essentially unable to process calm situations since their past experiences causes theme to always be alert.
Trauma can break a person entirely, and make them feel constantly in a state of despair.
In “All Quiet on the Western Front,” This idea is enforced by the way people, who haven’t actually been in the front lines before, treat Paul when he returns home. They act very prideful and his father shows off his son, without knowing what he went through. His mother tells him she’s heard that they’re using gas at the front lines, but she doesn’t know what that means.
When Paul was in boot camp, Himelstoss

Another strong theme is the freedom of choice.
Paul gets ushered into enlisting fresh out of high school. He quickly is stripped of his innocence and realized that most of what he learned will not be useful at war

Chapter 11 Sentences

Sentences must be Compound-Complex.
Must have enough context to prove mastery of word
Needs Past Participle Phrase and Subject-Verb split
Present participle phrase closer as well

The forestalled convoy decided to take a detour from their ordinary route, since they couldn’t get through.

The defendant, a well prepared business man with a velvet red suit and a well known attorney, is inquiring superfluously, according to the pursuant party.