Cases and info about them

Case nameWhat was it
Korematsu Vs.
U.S. (1944)
Executive Order 9066 established
the japanese internment camps used in
the U.S. during
Korematsu was
a young
American that
refused to
He challenged
the executive
order on the
grounds that it violated his 5th
6-3 Executive
Order 9066 is
The creation of the
internment camps was
a military necessity
and was not based on
1. It allowed the internment
camps to continue to operate,
helping create division along racial lines and causing many Japane americans to lose home and property.
2. It is the first instance of the
SCOTUS applying the “Strict scrutiny” standard to a case dealing with race and is one of the only such cases where the courts sided with the government.
Delgado Vs.
Bastrop ISD
US Federal district court case that decided the separation of the mexican american children based on national origin was illegalStop segregation of the childrenDistrict argued that the reason behind separating the children of mexican descent was due to lack of attendance and poor understanding of the english languageDid little to stop segregation in the united states
Sweatt Vs.
Painter (1950)
US Supreme court case that successfully challenged the “seperate but equal” idealism.9-0 Sweatt’s favorArgued that the legal education offered to sweatt was not equal to education he would receive if he was admitted to the university of Texas Law School.An influential in the landmark case of brown vs. board of education
Hernandez Vs.
Supreme court case that declared mexican americans and all other racial groups had equal protection under the 14th amendment9-0Pete Hernandez, an agriculture worker, was found guilty by an all-white jury in Jackson county, Texas.Hispanic descent became part of juries.
All racial groups in the U.S. became protected by 14th amendment
This ruling is considered another step towards the american civil rights movement
Brown Vs. Board
Of Education
Court ruled that american state laws establishing racial segregation in public schools are unconstitutional even if the segregated school are otherwise equal in equality(9-0) in favor of the brown familyRacial segregation was happening in public schools.It paved the way for integration and was a major victory of the civil rights movement, and a model for many future impact litigation cases.
Gideon Vs.
Supreme court unanimously ruled that states had the right to an attorney.Gideon was given another trial and was acquitted of charges1961, he was charged with breaking into and entering a florida pool housem the giant have enoughmoney to afford an offense attorneyLegal system can be confusing
Rights to defendants
Miranda V.
Arizona (1966)
1969, supreme court case decision that sets guidelines for police questioning of accused persons to protect the against self-incrimination5-4In the 1960’s an immigrant named ernesto miranda was charged with the rape and kidnapping of an 18 year oldMust be informed of your legal rights prior to an interrogation
Tinker Vs. Des
Moines (1969)
U.S. Supreme court that defined the first amendment rights of students in u.s. public schools7-2 in favor of tinkermary beth tinker and christopher eikharat wore their armbands to school and sent home in suspensionFIrst amendment rights to students.
Wisconsin Vs.
Yoder (1972)
Amish families were convicted and fined for violating the law. amish families claimed their freedom was being violated7-0 amish families wonYoder and Wallance Miller, were both prosecuted under wisconsin law that required all children to attend public schools until the age of 16.First amendment rights exercised.
Roe Vs. Wade
U.S. Supreme court case dealing with the issue of the constitutionalness of laws7-2 Jane Roe was pregnant with her third, tried to obtain a legal abortion by falsely asserting she had ben rapedTeenage Pregnancy
Effects on women
Has become a societal problem involving politics, abuse, and damage
University of
California Vs.
Bakke (1978)
A court case v E’s admission policy violating Bakke’s rights under the 14th ammendment equal protection clause 5-4Allan Bakke applied to U.S. med school. He was rejected and sued in superior court charging the University with reverse discriminationAccept more minority applicants was constitutional