Cold War Vocabulary

Marshall Plan
A program by which the U.S. gave large amounts of economic aid to european countries to help them rebuild after the devastation of WWII.
Truman Doctrine
Address to congress to provide military and economic aid to Greece and turkey and, by extension, to any country threatened by communism or any totalitarian ideology
Domino Theory
The idea that if one key nation in a region fell to control of communists, others would follow, similar to how dominos fall together.
NATO
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The Soviet Union and its affiliated communist nations in eastern europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw pact
Space Race
Refers to the 20th century competition between the two Cold War rivals
-The Soviet union (USSR)
and
-The United States (US)
for dominance in spaceflight capability
Four power agreement
Was a treaty signed by the U.S. , U.K., France, and Japan. It was partly a follow-on to the Lansing-Ishil treaty
SALT
Signed by the U.S. and the Union of Soviet socialist republics and was intended tto restrain the arms race in strategic ballistic missiles armored with nuclear weapons
Candy bombers
Colloquial terms berliners gave to the western Allied (American and British) transport aircraft which brought supplies by airlift to West Berlin during the Soviet Berlin blockade
Eastern Block
Referred to the former communist states of eastern and central Europe.
Iron Curtain
Non-physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of WWII in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991
Proxy war
Armed conflict between two states or non-state altors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are nt directly involved in the hostilities
Credibility gap
Came wide use with journalism, political and public discourse. Describe public skepticism on policies
Mutual assured Destruction (MAD)
A doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in full-scale use of nuclear weapons