Civil Rights Vocabulary


Black Nationalism- a type of political thought that seeks to promote, develop and maintain a black race identity for people of black ancestry.

Montgomery Bus Boycott-a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. It was a seminal event in the civil rights movement.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)- an African-American civil rights organization.

Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)- was one of the major American Civil Rights Movement organizations of the 1960s.

Freedom Riders- were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961

Atlanta Exposition- Also known as the Atlanta Compromise Speech, was given on Sept. 18, 1895. Booker T. Washington spoke before a predominantly white audience at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta.

Jesse Owens- was an American track and field athlete and four-time gold medalist in the 1936 Olympic Games

Little Rock Nine- was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957.

Executive Order 9981- is an executive order that abolished the discrimination “on the basis of race, color, religion or national origin” in the United States Armed Forces. The executive order eventually led to the end of segregation in the services.

Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity- is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person’s race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy, gender identity, and sexual orientation, national origin, age

Freedom Summer- was a volunteer campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississippi.

March on Washington- The purpose of the march was to advocate for the civil and economic rights of African Americans.

Voting Rights Act- It outlawed the discriminatory voting practices adopted in many southern states after the Civil War, including literacy tests as a prerequisite to voting.

Civil Rights Act- outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

The Great Society-was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964–65. The main goal was the total elimination of poverty and racial injustice.